Author Guidelines

Annotationes zoologicae et botanicae is an international peer-reviewed journal devoted to all aspects of taxonomy, systematics, phylogeny, morphology, and development of eukaryotic organisms. Papers on new distributional records will also be considered, but must contain detailed differential diagnoses, figures of the diagnostic characters, and detailed information about the locality and habitat.

Articles are published open access and free of charges immediately after the review process is completed. The journal has one printed issue per year. Each article is registered in ZooBank, archived in Zenodo, and electronic copies are available from the journal’s website.


Authors are encouraged to submit the manuscript file electronically via e-mail to a Subject Editor responsible for a subject taxon. The manuscript file should be submitted as an MS Word document with all tables and figures embedded at the end, following the list of figure and table captions. Figures in the MS Word document should be inserted as JPEG files. Original high-resolution figures should be provided as separate TIFF files along with the manuscript file. Supplementary files should be submitted separately along with the manuscript file.

Please include the names of two or more potential reviewers with their affiliations and email addresses.

After receiving the manuscript, it will be forwarded to the reviewers for evaluation and then sent back to the corresponding author for revision. Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, it will be forwarded to the copy editor, who will prepare a set of proofs and send it to the corresponding author for corrections.

The submitted papers must not be published or accepted for publication elsewhere.

Authors are not permitted to post the submitted work online before it is published by the journal.

Should you have any problems or questions about the submission process, please contact the executive editor at

Manuscript Structure

General. Manuscripts should be written in clear and concise English. The use of British or American English should be consistent throughout the paper. Authors who use English as a foreign language are strongly advised to have their manuscripts checked by a native English speaker or English-language editor prior to submission.

For the main text, use a 12-point font, preferably Times New Roman or Calibri. For the text in the figures, use the Calibri regular. Bold should be used only for headings. Italics should be used only in the scientific names of species and genera, subheadings, long direct quotations, and symbols for variables and constants (N, r, p). Such symbols should be italicised also in the figures to match the text. Do not use underlining.

Abbreviations must be followed by the full stop “.” (e.g., i.e., etc.), except when the last letter of the abbreviation is the same as the last letter of the full word (Dr, Ms, eds, figs).

Use the hyphen (-) only to link personal names, prefixes, and compound adjectives. Use en-dash (–) to link spans and ranges (2021–2022, figs 35–40, pp. 4–16). En-dashes should not be spaced.

Two formats of geographical coordinates are accepted: Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds (48°08’24.6″N 17°06’46.1″E), or Decimal Degrees (48.140178°N, 17.112814°E). Coordinates in Decimal Degrees format should be rounded off to at least four decimal places.

The nomenclature must be in agreement with the latest versions of the respective nomenclature codes (International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants).

Title. When an organism name is included in the title, its scientific name without authority should be used. All organism names must be followed by order and family names in parentheses for animals and family name in parentheses for plants and fungi.

Please also provide a running tittle of maximum 50 characters.

Authors’ names and affiliation. Complete names of all authors with their addresses and institutional affiliations should be provided. The e-mail address and ORCID iD must be provided at least for the corresponding author.

Abstract and key words. Abstract should be informative and concise and include introduction, information on material and methods, results, and conclusion. Any new names and nomenclatorial acts proposed in the article should be included in the abstract. The abstract should contain neither citations nor unexplained abbreviations. The abstract is followed by the list of up to ten key words that do not appear in the title.

Headings and subheadings. Body text should be divided into the following main sections: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References. Each heading should be on separate line and highlighted in bold. Each section may contain subheadings, which starts on separate lines and are highlighted in italics. Do not number headings and subheadings.

Citations and References

Citations. All sources from the list of references should be cited in the text. The author and the year are separated by commas only in the citation of the species authority (Mordella aculeata Linnaeus, 1758; Dytiscus circumflexus Fabricius, 1801: 258).

One author: Smith (2018) or (Smith 2018).

Two authors: Smith & Walker (2018) or (Smith & Walker 2018).

Three or more authors: Smith et al. (2018) or (Smith et al. 2018). When citing more than one source, the citations should be ordered chronologically (Smith 2018, 2020, Smith & Walker 2019, Black et al. 2020).

References. All sources cited in the text must be listed alphabetically according to the authors’ names. If several references from the same author are included, these should be arranged chronologically. The journal titles must be given in full and in regular font. Digital object identifier (DOI) must be given if available. Titles in languages other than English, French, German, Italian, and Latin should be followed by an English translation in square brackets. Titles in Cyrillic script should be transliterated into Latin script according to ISO 9:1995 standard. Genus and species names in titles should be italicised.

Please use the following styles:

Journal article:

Lea, A.M. 1917. Some miscellaneous Coleoptera, with descriptions of new species. Part III. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 41: 121–322.

Lawrence, J.F., Ślipiński, A., Seago, A.E., Thayer, M.K., Newton, A.F., & Marvaldi, A.E. 2011. Phylogeny of the Coleoptera based on morphological characters of adults and larvae. Annales Zoologici, 61(1): 1–217.

Conference paper:

Smith, M.N. 2003. Saproxylic beetles in Britain, an overview of the status and distribution of four Biodiversity Action Plan species. In: Bowen, C.P. (Ed.), Proceedings of the second pan-European conference on saproxylic beetles. People’s Trust for Endangered Species, London, pp. 47–49.

Book chapter:

Kubisz, D. & Iwan, D. 2020. Family Oedemeridae Latreille, 1810. In: Iwan, D. & Löbl, I. (Eds), Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Volume 5. Tenebrionoidea. Revised and Updated Second Edition. Brill, Leiden, Boston, pp. 476–479.


Bowestead, S. 1999. A Revision of the Corylophidae (Coleoptera) of the West Palaearctic Region. Museum d’Historie Naturelle, Geneva. 203 pp. International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1999. International code of zoological nomenclature. Fourth Edition. The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London. xxix, 306 pp.


Pentinsaari, M. 2016. Utility of DNA barcodes in identification and delimitation of beetle species, with insights into COI protein structure across the animal kingdom. PhD thesis. University of Olu, Olu, Finland. 56 pp.


Natural Earth. 2020. Natural Earth. Free vector and raster map data at 1 : 10m, 1 : 50m, and 1 : 100m scales. Available from [accessed 22 August 2021].


For preparing tables, please use the table editor in MS Word or MS Excel. Use simple formatting and do not use colour and shading. Tables should be given at the end of the manuscript along with their captions.

Figures and Illustrations

AZB provides an option for readers to explore the details and see the figures in the original size and resolution via an online image browser. Authors are therefore encouraged to send all images (including those assembled in the plates) in the original size and resolution during submission. The figure citations in the text will then serve as hyperlinks to display the original images online. Please look through our recent content to see how it works.

If possible, multiple figures should be assembled into plates that will fit the printable area of 165 mm × 250 mm (one column width is 80.3 mm). Please bear in mind that the caption must also fit in this area (ca. 3.25 mm for one line of text). Figures should be either numbered consequently or labelled with letters for each table separately. Scale should be provided where appropriate.

Page Charges

Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae publishes open access and free of charges.


The authors will receive an electronic copy (PDF) of the paper for personal use. A printed copy of a paper or an entire issue can also be purchased at the cost of the customer. The price will depend on the number of pages and copies. Orders should be sent by email to

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